The interdepartmental major in Anthropology and Linguistics leads you to develop your ability to reason critically about issues in the social sciences and the humanities, using a focus on language, culture, and the relationship between these domains as the core material. The major consists of a set of core courses that provide a basic foundation in socio-cultural anthropology, linguistic analysis, and the connection between language and culture.
In concert with this core, each student selects either an African or an American focus, with an in-depth study of the languages and cultures of one of the two regions. The major also incorporates coursework that provides a historical perspective on language. A fieldwork course is included to help you develop an investigative perspective.
Students in the major develop an integrated view of the cultural and linguistic communities of indigenous people in a particular world region, choosing either Africa or America. Faculty in the departments of Anthropology and Linguistics excel in teaching, research, and the linguistic study of African languages.
Students pursuing the major may acquire a general background in Anthropology or develop particular interests in one of the subfields: Archaeology, Bioanthropology, Linguistic Anthropology, and Social-Cultural Anthropology.
Since students look forward to gaining skills in both Anthropology and Linguistics through this interdepartmental major, the major core includes two courses from each discipline:
- ANTH-L 200 Language and Culture
- ANTH-E 200 Social and Cultural Anthropology
- LING-L 203 Introduction to Linguistic Analysis
- LING-L 315 Introduction to Sociolinguistics
These courses will provide you with an excellent introduction to the intersection of community, culture, and communication. While the 200-level courses are offered both fall and spring semesters, LING-L 315 Introduction to Sociolinguistics is only offered in the fall semester of each academic year.
If you plan to acquire advanced proficiency in a language new to you, start with a 100-level introductory course in the fall semester.
Tracks and concentrations
The major requires at least 41 credit hours in Anthropology and Linguistics combined, with at least 15 credit hours in each department. One course in each of the following areas also is required, with available selections from both Anthropology and Linguistics:
- Language Change
- Language Structure
You can meet the Language Structure requirement with the study of a Native American language, such as Yucatec Maya or Quechua. Or you can choose to study an African language, such as Akan, Bamana, Swahili, Wolof, Yoruba, or Zulu.
In Anthropology, you may explore a variety of interests or develop particular interest in one of the subfields: Archaeology, Bioanthropology, Linguistic Anthropology, and Social-Cultural Anthropology.
Upper level coursework
At least 18 credit hours must be completed at the 300-level or above, with at least two upper-level elective courses in each department.
In Anthropology, you choose among the following upper-level course offerings:
- ANTH-E 300 Culture Areas and Ethnic Groups
- ANTH-E 310 Introduction to the Cultures of Africa
- ANTH-E 320 Indians of North America
- ANTH-E 321 Peoples of Mexico
- ANTH-L 320 American Indian Languages
- ANTH-L 330 Mesoamerican Languages
- ANTH-L 400 Topical Seminar in the Ethnography of Communication
- ANTH-P 400 Evolution of Language
Linguistics upper-level course choices include:
- LING-L 306 Phonetics
- LING-L 307 Phonology
- LING-L 308 Morphology
- LING-L 310 Syntax
- LING-L 367 Languages of the World
- LING-L 480 Introduction to African Languages
- LING-L 481 Language in Africa
Commonly pursued majors, minors and certificates
With careful course planning, the interdepartmental major in Anthropology and Linguistics can be combined with many other majors and minors.
Both Anthropology and Linguistics students choose to complete minors in areas such as Biology, Business, Folklore and Ethnomusicology, International Studies, Latino Studies, Music Studies, Political Science, Psychology, Religious Studies, or a foreign language.
You might consider an additional major in the following areas: Computer Science, East Asian Languages and Cultures, English, Folklore and Ethnomusicology, International Studies, Near Eastern Languages and Cultures, Spanish and Portuguese, Slavic and East European Languages and Cultures, Speech and Hearing Sciences.
Potentially relevant certificates are offered by The Media School, the School of Informatics, Computing, and Engineering, and the School of Public and Environmental Affairs. The Liberal Arts and Management Program, offered by the College of Arts and Sciences in cooperation with the Kelley School of Business, may also be of interest.
The Anthropology academic advisor and the Linguistics academic advisor can help you better understand how other degrees, majors, and minors can be paired with the interdepartmental major in Anthropology and Linguistics.
- Enhance your major
Working with faculty
When pursuing the interdepartmental major in Anthropology and Linguistics, you have the opportunity to work with faculty who are active researchers with a depth and breadth of knowledge in their field. Take advantage of office hours to speak with your instructors about your performance in class, the content of readings and assignments, and how the course helps you work toward your goals.
Students in the major are eligible to propose fieldwork or individual readings with faculty for upper-level credit. Talk with your academic advisor for more information about this option.
The Anthropology Honors Program and the Linguistics Honors Program offer tutorial guidance to superior students who want to pursue in-depth research interests. Students interested in Anthropology departmental honors may enter the program in the second semester of their sophomore year or at any time during their junior year. Students interested in Linguistics departmental honors may apply for the program in their junior or senior year.
Anthropology honors students enroll in ANTH-A 399 Honors Tutorial in Anthropology, then conduct original research to prepare a thesis. A399 may be repeated once.
Linguistics honors students complete LING-L 399 Readings in Linguistics-Honors and LING-L 499 Honors Project. In either department, students work under the guidance of a faculty advisor.
Undergraduate scholarships and awards
Resources for pursuing scholarships and awards include:
- Boren Awards for International Study
- Carnegie Junior Fellows Program
- Cindy Simon Skjodt Study Abroad Scholarship
- Critical Language Scholarship Program
- Foreign Language and Area Studies Fellowships
- Hutton International Experiences Program
- Office of Overseas Studies Scholarships
- Service-Learning Student Travel Scholarship
Internships offer you a chance to develop both technical and transferable skills while making vital professional contacts with others in the field. Many students begin exploring internship opportunities, including overseas study programs with internships, as early as their freshman year.
There are internship possibilities in Anthropology and Linguistics through the Mathers Museum of World Cultures. The museum offers research and training opportunities for IU students, educational support and services for IU faculty and elementary and secondary school teachers, and family-friendly exhibits and programs.
Students are also able to work as assistants in the Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology, a university-centered research laboratory, museum, library, and meeting place for the discovery, preservation, exhibition, and celebration of Indiana's rich cultural and archaeological heritage.
The Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology is a repository for archaeological artifacts, data, and documentation for sites in the midwest, including those associated with the Angel Mounds State Historic Site, which is Indiana's largest archaeological site.
One of your best opportunities to gain experience while honing your knowledge and skills in linguistics is with Linguist List, located at IUB. Linguist List is the premier online web resource for the international linguistics community. During summer sessions, there are other opportunities to work with Linguistics faculty members.
You might also seek overseas study programs with internships. Learn more about internships, including the possibility of receiving credit, through the Walter Center for Career Achievement, where you will find many resources for both domestic and international internships.
Foreign language study
As one of the premier institutions in the U.S. for the study of languages, IU Bloomington offers courses and resources in over 60 languages.
The African Languages Program offers regularly scheduled courses in Akan/Twi, Bamana, Kiswahili, Wolof, Yoruba, and Zulu during the academic year. The study of an American Indian Language, such as Yucatec Maya or Quechua, can fulfill your Language Structure requirement in the major.
Here is a sampling of language study resources available to students at IU Bloomington:
- Arabic Flagship Program
- Center for Language Technology
- Chinese Flagship Program
- Foreign Language and Area Studies Fellowships
- IU Language Workshop
- Language Tables
- Project GO
- Russian Flagship Program
- Turkish Flagship Program
Study abroad is an important part of undergraduate education in an increasingly globalized world.
Anthropology students often attend a field school in Belize. The Office of Overseas Study provides you with this and other opportunities to study abroad, design an individualized overseas research program, and obtain credits that apply towards your major.
The Undergraduate Linguistics Club, UnderLings, gives students a chance to plan and lead events, connecting with professional linguists at IUB and other colleges and universities.
Residential Programs and Services at IUB offers a variety of learning communities that allow students to select to live among peers with a common interest. Some of the following may be of interest:
- Collins Living-Learning Center
- Global Living-Learning Community
- Health Sciences Residential Community
- Honors Residential Communities
- INSPIRE Living-Learning Center
- Outdoor Adventure Living-Learning Center
- Residential Scholars Community
- Women in Science, Technology, Informatics, and Mathematics Living-Learning Center
Explore beINvolved to connect with any of the 750+ student organizations that already exist, or to start a new one.
Anthropology faculty members and graduate students often ask undergraduate volunteers to assist them with projects during the semester. These volunteers might do such things as transcribe interviews and documents, work on laboratory analysis tasks (measuring, recording, data entry, illustrating, or computer modeling), conduct research, or re-house and curate museum or anthropology collections.
Linguistics faculty also engage student volunteers in phonetics and phonology research.
Faculty members prefer these opportunities to be as regular and formalized as possible, with fixed weekly hours. These experiences give you additional insight into faculty research and allow you to work closely with faculty mentors. Contact the academic advisors for current volunteering opportunities.
There are numerous opportunities for volunteer engagement, allowing you to participate in the local community while developing useful job skills. The organizations below can help you connect with others from the university and beyond:
- Fire House Broadcasting--WFHB
- IU Bloomington International Services
- IU Corps
- IU Global Village Books and Beyond Service Learning Project
- Middle Way House
- Office of Overseas Study
- Volunteers in Tutoring Adult Learners--VITAL
Sign up to receive weekly emails from the Bloomington Volunteer Network to learn about local opportunities and organizations.
Anthropology undergraduates are welcome to participate in a variety of national and international professional organizations. IUB undergraduates regularly attend and present papers at annual conferences for these organizations:
- American Anthropological Association
- American Association of Physical Anthropologists
- Society for American Archaeology
- Society for Linguistic Anthropology
- World Archaeological Congress
There are many professional organizations for language lovers, including:
- Acoustical Society of America
- American Dialect Society
- Linguistic Society of America
- Societas Linguistica Europaea
- Society for Caribbean Linguistics
- Society for the Study of Indigenous Languages of the Americas
For more information about professional involvement in linguistics, consult the faculty of the Department of Linguistics.
- Build your skills
Through the major
The interdepartmental major in Anthropology and Linguistics provides you with a set of skills and qualities that are relevant and transferable to many areas of study and work. These include:
- Intellectual training that prepares you to meet the challenges of our changing world
- Critical thinking skills that help you articulate your own position while understanding the perspectives of others
- Effective writing, research, and communication skills
- The development of practical skills that support your individual interests
Through a College of Arts and Sciences degree
Your coursework provides many opportunities to develop the following abilities, as identified by the 11 Goals of the College of Arts and Sciences:
- Achieve the genuine literacy required to read, listen, speak and write clearly and persuasively
- Learn to think critically and creatively
- Develop intellectual flexibility and breadth of mind
- Discover ethical perspectives
- Cultivate a critically informed appreciation of literature and the arts
- Practice and apply scientific methods
- Learn to reason quantitatively
- Develop historical consciousness
- Investigate and study the international community
- Develop and practice communication skills in public settings and in the study of at least one foreign language
- Pursue in-depth knowledge of at least one subject
Skills desired by employers
Each year, the National Association of Colleges and Employers asks employers what skills and qualities they are looking for in recent college graduates. The following abilities are sought in the job market across many employment sectors:
- Communicate effectively with persons both inside and outside the organization
- Work in a team structure
- Make decisions and solve problems
- Plan, organize, and prioritize work
- Obtain and process relevant information
- Analyze quantitative data
- Create and/or edit written reports
- Obtain technical knowledge related to the job
- Proficiency with computer software programs
- Create and edit written reports
- Ability to persuade or influence others
All of these skills are ones you will achieve with an interdepartmental major in Anthropology and Linguistics. As you explore various career fields, pay attention to specific job descriptions and requirements. If there are areas where your skills or knowledge are lacking, talk with your academic advisor and career coach about how you can develop in those areas while you are at Indiana University.
Your academic advisor and career coach can also help you find ways to strengthen and deepen the knowledge you already have, becoming more prepared for whatever path you select after your college career.
- Launch your career
Plan your search
The Walter Center for Career Achievement offers job search resources, career courses, job fairs, information about internships and full-time jobs, and help with social media networking through professional organizations. Get advice about how to write your resume, cover letter, reference list and prepare for job interviews, too.
Join one or more of the new Walter Center Career Communities to determine if the path you are considering aligns with your short- and long-term goals. Consult with community facilitators, connect with employers, and learn with fellow students about educational preparation, employment opportunities, insider tips, industry-related interview questions, and more.
You might want to take a career course to help you maximize your time at IU. Students are encouraged to consider taking ASCS-Q 294, College to Career I: Explore Your Options in their first two years at IUB. Q294 helps you to solidify your major choice by understanding your values, interests, personality, and skills.
Anthropology and Linguistics students are also encouraged to take ASCS-Q 296, College to Career II: Navigating Your Arts and Sciences Experience. In the course, students explore the value of their liberal arts education, while also gaining proficiency in writing resumes, crafting cover letters, navigating interviews, and other skills that help them transition from college to new horizons.
The job market
The interdepartmental major in Anthropology and Linguistics opens doors to various career paths in business, research, teaching, advocacy, and public service. It gives students the global information and thinking skills critical to success in the 21st century. As trends towards global interconnections increase, so should jobs requiring the skills obtained with a degree in Anthropology and Linguistics.
Because IU offers undergraduate training in all four of the Anthropology sub-fields, employment is possible in each field. Entry-level professional positions are available in government, private archaeology firms, physical anthropology labs, and museums. Graduates work in environmental studies, public health, law enforcement, forensics, field studies, animal behavior, and intercultural training.
In addition, Linguistics majors are noted for their attention to detail and strong analytical skills. Initial and long-term destinations for graduates include positions in education at all levels, non-governmental organizations, tourism and recreation, journalism, community outreach, and translation/literacy organizations.
Career possibilities include researcher, educator, evaluator, administrator, health-related occupations, language and research lab technician, journalist, high-tech expert, international business, market research, national and international development work, social service sector jobs, business management, and marketing. Many positions involve working abroad, including in non-Western countries.
Graduate study is required if you plan to become a university professor, museum curator, exhibitor or director, forensic anthropologist, project leader for an archaeological dig, upper-level administrator in an international development organization, speech pathologist, medical anthropologist in a clinical setting, or market research director.
The Occupational Outlook Handbook from the Bureau of Labor Statistics offers career information about hundreds of occupations.
Post-graduate short-term experiences
After graduation, a short-term experience or internship can help you make connections, gain life skills, and assess your interest in future careers. Talk with your career coach and use these and other resources to find opportunities that are a good fit with your educational experience and career goals:
Teaching positions give you a chance to hone language and communication skills. Find international English teaching jobs through organizations such as Center for International Education Exchange, Institute of International Education, and LanguageCorps.
Fellowships for post-graduate study
Fellowships are temporary post-graduate opportunities to conduct research, work in a field, or fund graduate school. Most opportunities can be found through universities, non-profit, and government organizations.
Resources for finding fellowship opportunities include:
- Fulbright Programs
- IU Fellowships and Awards
- Smithsonian Fellowships
- Woodrow Wilson National Fellowships
Graduate and professional study
Students considering graduate school should plan ahead during their undergraduate experience. When applying to graduate or professional schools, you'll need letters of recommendation from faculty members who are familiar with your work. Make a practice of attending office hours early in your academic career to get to know your professors and discuss your options for advanced study in the field.
The primary purpose of the graduate program in Anthropology is to develop professionals for service in universities, colleges, museums, and applied fields.
Students who pursue graduate studies in Anthropology and Linguistics have gone into careers with top academic and research institutions, government and private research institutions, conservation groups, museums, research assistants, foreign affairs, cultural resource management firms, and media consultants.
You might consider Indiana University graduate opportunities such as these:
- College of Arts and Sciences -- many fields
- Lilly Family School of Philanthropy
- School of Education
- School of Informatics, Computing, and Engineering
The IU College of Arts and Sciences organizes Alumni events. Check out the IU College Luminaries program, which connects students with the College's most influential, successful, and inspiring alumni.
Join and use the IU Alumni Association to remain in touch, network directly, follow careers, and let others know where your path takes you.
Is it for you?
The interdepartmental major in Anthropology and Linguistics attracts students from a variety of backgrounds and interests. They typically possess some of the following attributes:
- Desire to understand the origins of humankind and the diversity of world cultures
- Interest in the comparative study of different societies and their customs
- Aspire to contribute to the resolution of persistent world problems and social injustices
- Affinity for learning new languages
- Ability to develop practical skills and apply them to academic projects
- Desire to gain speaking and writing proficiency in more than one language
- Concern for language variation, history and preservation
- Enthusiasm for wordplay and its use in analyzing language
Contact the Anthropology academic advisor or the Linguistics academic advisor to explore your interest in this interdepartmental degree. Complete information about the requirements can be found in the College of Arts and Sciences Bulletin.
- Department website
- Advisor email address