When you pursue a B.A. degree in the Department of Linguistics, you immerse yourself in the scientific study of language and its structure, including the study of grammar, syntax, semantics, and phonetics.
The faculty excel in teaching and research in specific branches of linguistics, including linguistic analysis, language structure, sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, computational linguistics, comparative linguistics, structural linguistics and the linguistic study of African languages. The Department of Linguistics is part of the College of Arts and Sciences.
The degree also prepares you with advanced proficiency in a single foreign language and requires a field methods course, in which you gain practical skills and hands-on experience in research on language structure and use.
As a Linguistics major, you may choose to focus on either linguistic analysis or on sociolinguistics in your electives and field method courses. You are also welcome to make your own topic selections among all the courses offered by the department.
The department also offers an Interdepartmental B.A. major in Linguistics and Anthropology and minors in either Linguistics or Computational Linguistics.
Students can also choose to complete a Computational Linguistics B.S., an interdisciplinary field that addresses the use of computers to process or produce human language.
The department offers two introductory courses that can also be used as electives in the Linguistics major:
- LING-L 103 Introduction to the Study of Language
- LING-L 203 Introduction to Linguistic Analysis
LING-L 103 provides a broad background in language structure and use. LING-L 203 introduces more technical language structure training, including such topics as sound systems, word structure, and sentence structure. Either course sufficiently prepares students for core Linguistics courses.
If you plan to acquire advanced proficiency in a language new to you, start with a 100-level introductory course in the fall semester. If you have prior foreign language experience, contact the Linguistics academic advisor to find out how to test for proficiency and apply for special credit.
Tracks and concentrations
Students pursuing the Linguistics degree can focus on linguistic analysis or on sociolinguistics, through electives as well as through the field methods requirement. Choosing a focus is not required, however, and most Linguistics students are interested in all aspects of language.
Contact the academic advisor to discuss your specific interests.
Upper level coursework
The Linguistics major includes 300-level core courses in Phonetics, Phonology, and Syntax. You have two options for fulfilling the field methods requirement, choosing from:
- LING-L 431 Field Methods (fall semester only)
- LING-L 441 Field Methods for Sociolinguistics (spring semester only)
Students enjoy some flexibility in choosing electives. Since many majors combine linguistics with study in a foreign language or in language development, one elective for the Linguistics major may come from a related field.
Options for completing the language structure requirement include upper-level course offerings. Students must also prove language proficiency at the 300 level of a single foreign language.
Contact the academic advisor to discuss the best course options to meet your interests and goals.
Commonly pursued majors, minors and certificates
Your major represents about one quarter of your degree requirements. You have plenty of room in your degree program to combine several areas of interest with additional majors, minors, or certificates.
Linguistics students often complement their major with coursework in foreign language departments, including African Studies, Central Eurasian Studies, Classical Studies, East Asian Languages and Cultures, French and Italian, Germanic Studies, Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures, Slavic and East European Languages and Cultures, and Spanish and Portuguese. These are just a few of the many options available.
Coursework in Anthropology, Art History, Cognitive Science, Comparative Literature, English, Environmental and Sustainability Studies, Folklore & Ethnomusicology, International Studies, Second Language Studies, Sociology, Speech and Hearing Sciences, Theatre & Drama, and many other areas can also complement the major.
- Enhance your major
Working with faculty
When pursuing a degree in linguistics you work with an international faculty familiar with a wide variety of language systems, structures, and patterns. Take advantage of office hours to talk with your instructors about your performance in class, the content of readings and assignments, and how the course helps you work toward your goals.
You can get involved in research as early as your freshman year. Many incoming freshmen apply to the Arts and Sciences Undergraduate Research Experience (ASURE) program. ASURE students experience project-based learning enhanced by a community of supportive faculty and peers. Choose an ASURE path in the arts and humanities, social and historical studies, or natural and mathematical sciences. Consider joining one that will deepen your skills and knowledge in an area related to your major or a different one to become a more well-rounded thinker.
As your interests develop, you may want to take an independent readings course under the guidance of faculty. Talk with the academic advisor, the Director of Undergraduate Studies, or your instructor about this possibility. Advanced students have sometimes earned credit as undergraduate research assistants to individual faculty members.
Honors students complete Readings in Linguistics - Honors (LING-L 399) and an Honors Project (LING-L 499) under the guidance of a faculty advisor. After meeting certain academic benchmarks, they present their project before an Honors Committee.
Undergraduate scholarships and awards
Options for pursuing scholarships and awards include:
- Boren Awards for International Study
- Carnegie Junior Fellows Program
- Cindy Simon Skjodt Study Abroad Scholarship
- Critical Language Scholarship Program
- Foreign Language and Area Studies Fellowships
- Hutton International Experiences Program
- Office of Overseas Study Scholarships
- Service-Learning Student Travel Scholarship
Internships offer you a chance to develop both technical and transferrable skills while making vital professional contacts in the field. Many students begin exploring internship opportunities, including overseas study programs with internships, as early as their freshman year.
Internships allow you to gain professional experience and contacts while honing your knowledge and skills in linguistics. One of your best opportunities for gaining experience is with Linguist List, the premier online web resource for the international linguistics community, located at IUB. Other opportunities exist to work with Linguistics faculty members during summer sessions.
Learn more about internships, including the possibility of receiving credit, through the Walter Center for Career Achievement, where you'll find many resources for both domestic and international internships.
Foreign language study
As one of the premier institutions in the U.S. for the study of languages, IU Bloomington offers courses and resources in over 80 languages. Linguistics students often enjoy delving into two or three languages at once.
The current cohort of Linguistics majors has studied 31 languages, the most popular being Spanish, French, Japanese, German, Arabic, Chinese, Italian, Korean, Russian, and Portuguese. You can join the proud few who have also explored Hindi, Dutch, Finnish, Hungarian, Norwegian, Swahili, or Turkish. The motto of many of Linguistics students seems to be: "So many languages, so little time to study them all."
Here are just a few of the language resources available to students at IU Bloomington:
- Arabic Flagship Program
- Center for Language Technology
- Chinese Flagship Program
- Foreign Language and Area Studies Fellowships
- IU Language Workshop
- Language Tables
- Project GO
- Russian Flagship Program
Studying abroad is an important part of undergraduate education in our increasingly interconnected world. As a Linguistics major, you have excellent opportunities to expand your knowledge and skills by studying abroad. Linguistics students have recently pursued coursework in the following IU-sponsored or co-sponsored study abroad programs:
- Aix-en-Provence Spring Semester Program -- France
- Nagoya AY or Semester Program -- Japan
- Seoul-CIEE Semester Program -- South Korea
- Madrid AY or Semester Program -- Spain
- Florence Summer Program -- Italy
- Santiago DR Spanish Department Summer Program -- Dominican Republic
- Freiburg-IES-European Union Summer Program -- Germany
- Lima Semester or AY Program -- Peru
- Lisbon-CIEE Semester Program -- Portugal
- Legon-CIEE Semester Program -- Ghana
The College of Arts + Sciences also directly hosts a variety of study abroad programs, some even featuring IU faculty, that might be right for you. Learn more about study abroad opportunities and locations by contacting your academic advisor as well as the Office of Overseas Study.
The Undergraduate Linguistics Club, UnderLings, offers Linguistics students the opportunity to plan and lead events, connecting with professional linguists at IUB and other colleges and universities.
Explore beINvolved to connect with any of the 750+ student organizations that already exist, or to start a new one.
IU Bloomington and the greater Bloomington community offer many opportunities to volunteer your time and talents, activities that enhance your knowledge and skills while serving others. Linguistics students have volunteered for:
- El Centro Comunal Latino
- Fire House Broadcasting -- WFHB
- IU Bloomington International Services
- IU Corps
- IU Global Village Books and Beyond Service Learning Project
- Middle Way House
- Office of Overseas Study
- Volunteers in Tutoring Adult Learners -- VITAL
Sign up to receive weekly emails from the Bloomington Volunteer Network to learn about local opportunities and organizations.
There are many professional organizations for language lovers, including:
- Acoustical Society of America
- American Dialect Society
- Linguistic Society of America
- Societas Linguistica Europaea
- Society for Caribbean Linguistics
- Society for the Study of Indigenous Languages of the Americas
- West African Linguistics Society
For more information about professional involvement in linguistics, consult the faculty of the Department of Linguistics.
- Build your skills
Through the major
The Linguistics B.A. degree provides you with a set of skills and qualities that are relevant and transferable to many areas of study and work. These include:
- Cultural awareness: gain knowledge and understanding of the interconnectedness among language, culture, and society
- Language competence: communicate proficiently in at least one language other than English
- Critical thinking and source analysis: develop skills in gathering and evaluating linguistic data based on theory and cultural context
- Ethical sensitivity: understand and exercise principles of working with human subjects
- Research expertise: develop evidence-based arguments, defend your own position, and make informed oral and written presentations
Through a College of Arts and Sciences degree
Your coursework provides many opportunities to develop the following five foundational skills that will serve you well in ever career path:
- Question critically
- Think logically
- Communicate clearly
- Act creatively
- Live ethically
These foundation skills will aid you in landing your first job, and advancing professionally throughout your working life. Not only are these the skills that employers say they value most in the workplace, they provide the best preparation for lifelong success in a world of complexity, uncertainty, and change.
Skills desired by employers
Each year, the National Association of Colleges and Employers asks employers what skills and qualities they are looking for in recent college graduates.
The following are some of the most commonly desired attributes across many employment sectors:
- Problem-solving skills
- Ability to work in a team
- Written and verbal communication skills
- Leadership skills
- Strong work ethic
- Analytical and quantitative skills
- Ability to take initiative
- Being detail oriented
- Demonstrating adaptability
- Technical skills relevant to the field
- Interpersonal skills
- Computer skills
- Organizational ability
As you explore various career fields, pay attention to specific job descriptions and requirements. If there are areas where your skills or knowledge are lacking, talk with your academic and career advisors about how you can develop in those areas while you are at Indiana University.
Your academic advisor and career coach can also help you find ways to strengthen and deepen the knowledge you already have, becoming more prepared for whatever path you select after your college career.
- Launch your career
Plan your search
The Walter Center for Career Achievement offers job search resources, career courses, job fairs, information about internships and full-time jobs, and help with social media networking through professional organizations. Get advice about how to write your resume, ask for letters of recommendation from faculty and workplace supervisors, and prepare for job interviews, too.
Join one or more of the new Career Communities to determine if the path you are considering aligns with your short- and long-term goals. Consult with community facilitators, connect with employers, and learn with fellow students about educational preparation, employment opportunities, insider tips, industry-related interview questions, and more.
You might want to take a career course to help you maximize your time at IU. Linguistics students are encouraged to consider taking ASCS-Q 294, College to Career I: Explore Your Options in their first two years at IUB. Q 294 helps you to solidify your major choice by understanding your values, interests, personality, and skills.
To further maximize your career preparation with a career course, Linguistics majors should consider enrolling in ASCS-Q296 College to Career II: Navigate Your Arts and Sciences Experience. The section dedicated to Social and Historical Studies provides the opportunity for you to explore the relationship between your field of study and life after graduation, while developing an academic and career development plan for post-collegiate success. If you are considering continuing your studies after graduation, you may wish to enroll instead in the section dedicated to graduate school preparation. Regardless of the section you select, you will leave the class with your resume, a cover letter or personal statement, and a LinkedIn profile ready to go!
The job market
The employment outlook is positive for students with a B.A. degree in Linguistics, especially if they have a second major. With the acceleration of global linguistic and cultural assimilation, the need for skilled language teachers, conservationists, translators, and interpreters continues to rise, as well as the need for skilled workers in the high-tech industry.
Linguistics majors are noted for their attention to detail and strong analytical skills. They can take their education in many directions, whether moving directly into a career or going on to graduate or professional studies.
Initial and long-term destinations for graduates include positions in many job sectors: education at all levels, including staffing college and university administrative offices and teaching abroad; non-governmental organizations, tourism and recreation; journalism; community outreach; business communications; state and federal government agencies; and translation/literacy organizations.
Linguistics majors can become educators, higher education and business administrative support personnel, educational and community outreach coordinators for non-profit and government agencies, journalists, recreational facility administrators, language and research lab technicians, high-tech experts, and social media specialists, among many other options.
Want to see where your fellow majors go right after graduating from IU? Check out the Walter Center's First Destinations survey!
The Occupational Outlook Handbook from the Bureau of Labor Statistics offers career information about hundreds of occupations.
Post-graduate short-term experiences
The beginning of your post-graduate career might be an ideal time to explore an international internship or other short-term experience through organizations such as these:
- City Year
- Cultural Vistas
- Global Experiences
- Go Abroad
- IES Abroad
- Peace Corps
- Teach For America
Find international English teaching jobs through organizations such as:
- Center for International Education Exchange
- Institute of International Education
- Japan Exchange and Teaching Program (JET) USA
- Programa BEDA
Using these and other resources, your career coach can help you put together a unique post-graduate short-term experience, whether in the United States or abroad.
Fellowships for post-graduate study
Fellowships are temporary opportunities to conduct research, work in a field, or fund your education. Most opportunities can be found through universities, non-profits, and government organizations.
Good resources for finding fellowship opportunities include:
- American Council of Learned Societies
- Boren Awards for International Study
- Cultural Vistas Professional Fellowships
- Foreign Language and Area Studies Fellowships Program
- Fulbright Programs
- USAID Payne International Development Fellowship
- Wenner-Gren Foundation
- Woodrow Wilson National Fellowships
Graduate and professional study
When applying to graduate or professional schools, you'll need letters of recommendation from faculty members who are familiar with your work. Make a practice of attending office hours early in your academic career, to get to know your professors and discuss your options for advanced study in the field.
A major in Linguistics will also prepare you for entry into graduate programs in a wide variety of fields, such as computational linguistics, applied linguistics, speech and hearing sciences, human-computer interaction, social work, international development, public policy, and telecommunications.
With careful planning and in consultation with the Health Professions and Prelaw Center, you could also prepare to enter law school, medical school, or other programs in the health professions, including nursing or public health administration.
Students who pursue graduate studies in Linguistics have gone into careers in academia, the high-tech industry, government, and non-profit organizations.
Examples of graduate programs offered at IU include:
- Linguistics (M.A. and Ph.D.)
- Computational Linguistics (M.A., M.S., and Ph.D. with concentration)
- Ph.D. with concentration in African Languages and Linguistics
- TESOL and Applied Linguistics (certificate and M.A.)
- Second Language Studies (M.A. and Ph.D.)
The Department of Linguistics sponsors an annual Alumni Weekend and publishes newsletters to keep Linguistics alumni informed of departmental events and accomplishments.
The College of Arts and Sciences has thousands of active alumni. Check out the College Luminaries program, which connects students with the College's most influential, successful, and inspiring alumni.
Join the Walter Center Success Network to remain in touch, network directly with College of Arts + Sciences Alumni, and let other know where your path takes you.
Is it for you?
The Department of Linguistics attracts students who love the broad study of language. They enjoy studying foreign languages, and typically share some of the following qualities:
- Desire to gain speaking and writing proficiency in more than one language
- Interest in language structure and construction
- Fascination with the importance of language in human life and society
- Enthusiasm for wordplay and its use in analyzing language
- Concern for language variation, history and preservation
- Thirst for travel and study in other countries
Contact the Linguistics academic advisor and schedule an appointment to explore your options. Complete information about the requirements of the major can be found in the College of Arts and Sciences Bulletin.
- Department website
- Advisor email address